Tuesday, 21 August 2012

Research Justification


Research Topic: Health in Singapore

Chosen Area of Focus: The main causes of myopia and the increasing number in each generation.-

  1. Framing our research topic
Our chosen area of focus is “The main causes of myopia and the increasing number in each generation. We have chosen this topic as myopia is very common in this new generation especially in Singapore which has the highest percentage of people suffering from myopia in the world with more than 80%.(DUMC, 2012) Evidence indicates that progressive childhood myopia is due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.(SingHealth, 2012) Children whose parents are myopic are also more likely to be myopic, and children who spend more time indoors (reading, watching television and playing computer games) appear to be more at risk than those who spend more time outdoors. Singapore is a very hectic and stressful city, where there is heavy work load even starting at a young age.(TST, 2009) Since young, students are piled up with homework, tuition and other activities, causing them to be stressed and sometimes stay up too late to complete their work. Lack of sleep can cause the deterioration of the health of our eyes; Studies show that the eyes need at least five hours to replenish.(SEA, 2011)Another factor is that the technology aspect in our world is rapidly advancing and everywhere we go we can find someone using an electronic device. Individuals who spend considerable time reading, working at a computer, or doing other intense close visual work may be more likely to develop myopia.

1.    Evidence indicates that progressive childhood myopia is due to a combination of genetic and    
       environmental factors. Possible reasons for people with myopia are spending too much time on 
       electronic devices without frequent eye breaks; excessive close work; lack of outdoor 
       activities,poor illumination; uncorrected refractive errors; size of print in books; poor eye-care 
       habits or unhealthy diet.(RMG, 2012)

2.   Some ways to prevent myopia are by correcting your sitting posture while reading                                                                    
      and writing and keep good habits by not reading in dim light, or in bed; In addition keep a distance 
      away from the screen, a good 30cm-50cm (SingHealth, 2012) would be good; avoid playing 
      electronic games for long hours and take a break for about five to ten minutes. Sleep early and do   
      not strain your eyes when you are tired. As technology is advancing, lasik is a method to create a     
      thin circular flap in the cornea to provide clearer vision.(AAB, 2010)

 3.  Some ways myopia affects one’s life. Having myopia is definitely not a good thing as it reduces 
      some of your choices for jobs, for example a pilot must have perfect eyesight. Furthermore, your 
      vision will be blurred without spectacles or contact lens. It may even lead to inheritable diseases like 
      cataract.(HPB, 2012) Wearing spectacles is also very inconvenient as almost every year people with 
      myopia have to visit the optician to check their eyesight and might have to get a new pair of 
      spectacles which is also not cheap.

          Reasons for choice of topic

1.  We have chosen this topic, as we want to find out more about Myopia, and what impact it has on   
     our lives and why do so many people around the world get Myopia.

2.  We chose this also because myopia is one of the most common problem faced in Singapore,  some      
     already starting from a young age. We also want to find out why Singapore has the highest 
     percentage of people suffering from myopia in the world.
3.  Our research benefits society and especially young children who are unaware and may regret in the     
     future if they do not start taking good care of their eyesight from a young age. It educates people on 
     how to prevent myopia from being so rampant in Singapore and the world, and they will know what  
     not to do and what to do so as to reduce the chances of having myopia.

            Feasibility of the research
1.  There is a need for our research, as many people do not know what to do the moment they get     
     myopia, especially children and young adults. Hence, our research can help to let these people know 
     what to do when they get Myopia and as for those who doesn’t have Myopia, we will let them 
     know what not to do to prevent them from getting Myopia.

2.  It is possible to carry out and complete the project, as there are many people in the world that suffers     
     from Myopia so it is easy to get people to do surveys and gather data.

3.  The proposed course of action is logical and realistic as it can be completed with the help of some    
     people from the general public who would be willing to do a survey and with our hard work, plus 
     group effort.

4.  The research provides sufficient opportunity for generation of ideas, as we will constantly have to      
     think of ways to do certain things in the project. As for analysis and evaluation of ideas, we will 
     certainly have many opportunities to analyse information and evaluate ideas on how to go about 
     deciding what to do next. 

5.  As Myopia is considered to be very common in Singapore as more than 80% of our population is     
     myopic ,we chose it as it can be branched out as a very broad topic to analyse and compare our   

            Manageability of the research
1.  The time management for the different components and parts of the project will be decided later 
     based on the situation. But overall, the project will be done as soon as possible but also as carefully 
     as we can, trying our best not to go out of point and staying as close to the topic as possible.

2.  This research provides sufficient opportunity for group work as we will need to discuss a lot of      
     matters regarding the project, for example who will be assigned to do which part of the project.

3.  We do expect some difficulties along the way, such as some members of the group procrastinate on    
     their task they are suppose to do, causing the whole group to be behind their schedule.

4.  We will collate our results and discuss through google documents and we cant edit what the others   
     can said to improve on ideas and to state our point of views.

            Accessibility of the information required

1.  Information/knowledge that will be relevant to our research would be the age of the individual when  
     he/she started having myopia and what are the main causes that lead them to be myopic. We will   
     also be asking about their current age to see which generation has the highest percentage of 

2.  We will be obtaining this information from conducting surveys from students and adult, asking them    
     a few standardized questions.

3.  Some alternatives that we have thought of would be to research from the internet the rough statistics    
     we should be getting so that to make sure it is accurate.

4.  Some problems we anticipate while gathering our materials would be that some of our results are not 
     consistent enough to draw conclusions from them.      


     All About Vision (AAB) 2010 (Retrieved at Aug 15 2012)

     Duke University Medical Centre (DUMC), 2012 (Retrieved at Aug 15 2012)

     Health Promotion Board (HPB), 2012 (Retrieved at Aug 15 2012) 

     Raffles Medical Group (RMG), 2012 (Retrieved at Aug 15 2012)

     Simon Eye Associate (SEA), 2012 (Retrieved at Aug 15 2012)

     SingHealth, Singapore National Eye Care Centre, 2012 (Retrieved at Aug 15 2012)

     The Straits Time (TST), 2009 (Retrieved at Aug 15 2012)

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